I have done absolutely nothing costume-related in the past couple of days, and that is because I've started my 2011 taxes.
'Course, taxes in the 18th century were a big deal too in England, and were a major factor when it came to the Revolutionary War in the American Colonies. School children everywhere know this one, "no taxation without representation!"
I kindof feel that way right now.
Here are some 18th century cartoons about taxes, from the Lewis Walpole Library:
|An enquiry concerning the clock tax Woodward delt. (clock tax, August 1797)|
|A visitor to John Bull for the year 1799, or, The assess'd taxes taking their leave!!|
|An unwelcome visit Woodward del.|
Is the Taxman *ever* welcome?
|John Bull troubled with the blue devils!! Woodward del. ; Cruikshank sp.|
John Bull's devils are House Tax, Window Tax, Salt Tax, Tea Tax, Income Tax, Wine Tax, and Hair Powder Tax.
You'll notice that "John Bull" is a recurring character in these cartoons. John Bull was a personification of Britain, particularly England, much like Uncle Sam is for the US, and usually appeared as a middle-aged, stout, jolly, country gentleman. (except in this last cartoon, where he's clearly stressed out of his mind as to how he's to pay for his damn hair powder tax).
|Leaving off powder, or, A frugal family saving the guinea|
Here's another to do with hair powder. I love the distressed expression of the girl looking in the mirror, and also the way the Frenchman on the left is depicted.
|The Devonshire amusement J. M. W.|
Do you recognize Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, showing her support for Whig politician Charles Fox?