Layer 1 - Bumpad.
This goes on first (over chemise, stays, anything else closest to the skin). It's a crescent shape with three partitions, and ties around the waist.
|Bumpad (this is showing the side back)|
This ugly thing works wonders. Seriously, it makes all the difference. It's cheap pre-quilted fabric gathered into a waistband and tied around the waist. It's a short length for no particular reason (could be longer, could have a massive ruffle attached), and it *really* adds the volume to the upper part of the skirt, to give that nice full shape. I also wear this over my hoop skirt for mid-Victorian, to help achieve the bell shape of that period.
|The Ugly Puffer, but this thing WORKS|
This is a basic muslin petticoat, made just like the one in this tutorial. It's floor-length, although I do pin it up sometimes if I'm wearing a walking-length skirt. I wear this petticoat with pretty much everything, including over my mid-Victorian hoop skirts.
|Pretty basic - ties on front and back with shoe laces|
I love the massively puffy skirts of the 18th c., so when I get off my lazy bum and make another petticoat, I will pile that one on as well. Stack on the the ruffles, the cording, the pleats!
Top Layer - Your Skirt(s).
The last layer is what shows on the outside. I almost always wear taffeta for 18th c. (or cotton), and this material also adds fullness to the overall look. If you are wearing heavier materials, I recommend more petticoats or underlayer supports so that heavier skirt doesn't smoosh down your poof.
|The taffeta skirt - might be a petticoat itself, for an open-front gown, or might pair it with a jacket.|