|All this mess makes up one Astoria shoe|
|The next layer sits on top of the sole and heel - it's the padded under-structure that contains the real steel shank that supports your arch. Without this piece, you would not be able to walk in these shoes, and would be quite uncomfortable!|
|Here's our insole, or the footbed piece, with the AD logo. We use perforated, man-made, vegan leather for the insoles. Why? It's not only breathable, but it won't stain your stockings when you sweat or get wet feet.|
|Here's the lining, with all its parts. Inside there is what rests against your foot, but on the upper layers, you get the reinforced toe and heel, along with interfacings, and the leather heel lining. This layer keeps your shoes in shape, literally.|
|Finally, it's the upper, 100% calf skin, hand-stretched and molded over the lasts. Inside this layer you will find additional interfacing at the toe and heel, plus twill tapes inside the straps, to keep them from stretching out.|
|All the layers together make up one shoe! It's a complicated item, but all these layers of padding, stiffeners, shanks, and linings are what keep your feet happy all day long. :-)|
Learn more about American Duchess shoes in the "Information" section of our website at www.american-duchess.com .