This Costume Chimera is the doublet + sleeves + single closed skirt, none of those pieces matching the others.
When I searched, I found plenty of doublets + matching, open overskirts; doublet + matching sleeves, worn under a loose gown; doublet + matching overskirt + separate sleeves...
... but I really had to dig for any evidence at all of what I wanted. I did find some possible references, but with caveats. Here they are:
|1575 - German? or possibly French? - the woman is wearing a loose open jacket, but underneath, she has on a doublet. The skirt is a single, closed petticoat. We can't tell if any of the colors match or not, so, again, this isn't definitive evidence.|
|The Village Feast (detail), Hans Bol - the woman on the right could be wearing a doublet, or she could be wearing a waistcoat. The women in the center are wearing doublets and single skirts, with open gowns over the top.|
|Habitus Variarum Orbis Gentium, Jean Jacques Boissard, 1581 - again, the lady on the right wears a single petticoat, but the sleeves are set into the doublet and match, if the colors can be believed (which they can't)|
|Habitus Variarum Orbis Gentium, Jean Jacques Boissard, 1581 - the woman at center definitely exhibits the three pieces - doublet, sleeves, and single petticoat. This is the best evidence I have so far.|
I believe in the common-sense approach to costuming: we know that men mis-matched their doublets and slops all the time, so why wouldn't women, especially middling class and lower, do the same thing?
We know that people were pragmatic, so is it too much to assume that a Bourgeois woman going about her daily business would pair her clothing to compliment, but not necessarily to match?
We know that clothing was discarded by the upper classes and sold again and again down the social order, so wouldn't it make sense that a doublet from this vendor, and a petticoat from that one might be paired together?
I think so!